It is natural for our thoughts to get jumbled under pressure and burst out all at once. This habit of speaking without pauses leads us to disregard punctuation often, especially when writing long text with complex and compound sentences. Does this happen to you? It happens to us all. This might be fine in a casual conversation, but it is unacceptable in a professional setting, especially when drafting important documents like reports, presentations, etc. It is difficult to avoid errors in sentence structure such as run-on sentences and comma splices when writing this way. Let’s look at what is a run on sentence, what is a comma splice.
What Is A Run-On Sentence and Comma Splice?
If you want to learn how to fix run-on sentences and comma splices, you need to first know what they are. They are both mistakes in punctuation, but the run-on sentence, also called a fused sentence, has no punctuation, whereas the comma splice has incorrect punctuation.
Whenever two or more complete sentences are linked without punctuation, it is called a run-on sentence. Therefore, if you want to see if a sentence has run-on clauses, find independent clauses first, then check if they are punctuated correctly. For example,
Run-on sentence: I have sipped my coffee it was very hot.
Fixed: I have sipped my coffee. It was very hot.
Too often, we see commas all over sentences that need totally different punctuation. There is a problem with a comma between two independent sentences because neither is given full attention. It is easy to slip into comma splice when we’re trying to be extra careful with punctuation and don’t know how to fix comma splice. Here is a quick intro to what is a comma splice and how to fix it.
Comma splice is a particular type of run-on sentence when you join two independent clauses with a comma. This example shows how to fix a comma splice sentence:
Comma splice: He got surprised, his friends came to visit him out of the blue.
Fixed: He got surprised. His friends came to visit him out of the blue.
How To Fix A Run-On Sentence Or A Comma Splice?
In daily communication, comma splices or run-on sentences might not seem like a big deal. A mistake is still a mistake regardless of the setting, but in certain situations, a comma may make more sense than any other punctuation mark. This situation, however, is the exception rather than the rule. Meanwhile, you have to follow the strict grammar rules in school, on a university campus, or in a professional setting. Keep reading this if you would like to learn how to fix a fused sentence and how to fix a comma splice easily.
How many ways are there to fix a comma splice? There are four main ways to fix poorly structured sentences:
- Insert a period between independent clauses to separate them.
Run-on sentence: There was a gentle breeze the sea was calm.
Fixed: There was a gentle breeze. The sea was calm.
Comma Splice: It was raining heavily, the traffic was busy.
Fixed: It was raining heavily. The traffic was busy.
- Insert a semi-colon between independent clauses to separate them.
Run-on sentence: It was raining heavily we came home early.
Fixed: It was raining heavily; we came home early.
Comma Splice: The beach was full of people, they were getting tanned.
Fixed: The beach was full of people; they were getting tanned.
- Insert a comma with a coordinating conjunction (and, but, or, for, yet, nor, so) between independent clauses to separate them.
Run-on sentence: He had to leave immediately it would be too late tomorrow.
Fixed: He had to leave immediately, or it would be too late tomorrow.
Comma Splice: It was snowing all night, they had to postpone their trip.
Fixed: It was snowing all night, so they had to postpone their trip.
- Insert a comma with subordinating conjunction (e.g. although, after, before, unless, as, because, even though, if, since, until, when, while) between independent clauses to separate them.
Run-on sentence: Kate could swim all day long the weather was so good.
Fixed: Kate could swim all day long, when the weather was so good.
Comma Splice: Ann had to catch a taxi, she was late for work.
Fixed: Ann had to catch a taxi because she was late for work.
You know now how to fix comma splice sentences and run-on sentences and how many ways are there to fix a comma splice or run-on sentence. While these tips can help you fix poor sentence structure in your writing, you also have another option. If you need help with a comma splice or run-on check, we’ve got you covered.
As the run-on sentence checker knows how to fix comma spliced sentences, run-on sentences, etc., it will do that for you whenever necessary. By identifying sentence fragments and using a passive or active sentence checker, it can help you improve your writing style and sentence structure. There is also a grammar and spelling checker is available to ensure that no errors creep in. It also has a punctuation checker so you can make sure your thoughts are well organized.
You can find poorly constructed sentences without proper punctuation a lot, so pay attention to recognizing them when you see one. Now that you know how to fix comma splice or fused sentence in no time, it will be simple for you. You can use a run on sentence checker to detect and fix poorly structured sentences. Get this reliable sentence checker now and make sure the commas are where they belong!